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Essay Body Paragraphs

While professional essay creation requires a lot of expertise from a writer, skill alone is not always enough, for the writer needs to understand the structure of an essay as well.

Body of an Essay: Proper Structure Works Wonders

It is understandable that every paper should contain several paragraphs. This clear structure of an introduction, the body of an essay, and conclusion is a guarantee of your success of a writer if it is done properly. Each paragraph of the body is supposed to give explanations to a certain point of the thesis statement, and it is focused on a particular aspect presented to the readers thoroughly. The quality of a topic sentence at the beginning of each paragraph is of crucial importance as it may happen that the readers get the first impression of the whole section on its basis. Besides, it is important to make sure that all the paragraphs are connected and related to the essay thesis.

Essay Body Paragraphs

To Construct a Well-Written and Well-Structured Essay, Bear in Mind the Following

Remember to use essay body paragraphs correctly. This means that each main idea in your essay will require its own paragraph. For example, if you have four main ideas in your essay, then you will need four essay body paragraphs in the body of the text. Therefore, it's a good idea to write down the main ideas you will cover beforehand, in sentence form.

Topic sentence serves as the essence of the whole body paragraph.

  • A good topic sentence points out at the main idea of the whole paragraph. It gives an outline of what the readers can expect to see in all the subsequent sentences.
  • A good topic sentence may be placed as the second, third, or fourth sentence of the paragraph, but typically it is placed as the first sentence.
  • A good topic sentence placed first in the body paragraph presents what you are going to discuss in this part of the paper and then is followed with the supporting details and development of the point already presented at the very beginning.
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How Should the Body Paragraphs Be Structured?

Essay body paragraphs also have their own structure, which must be followed every time.

  • All research paper body paragraphsstart with a general statement of the presented idea revealed in the topic sentence. This is the main point of the author and the whole body paragraph will be devoted to development of the stated idea with the relevant examples, details, and back-ups of a particular aspect.
  • Every statement from all body paragraphs is supposed to be relevant to the thesis statement from the introductory part. It should either explain or support the presented main idea.
  • The ending of every body paragraph should refer back to the topic sentence placed at the beginning of the paragraph. Moreover, it ties the whole paper together as it should be also connected with the thesis statement.
  • Write down your main ideas as a sentence. For example, if "reduces traffic congestion" is the main idea, begin with a sentence like "Public transport can reduce traffic congestion".
  • You should have supporting arguments for your main idea - write these down, leaving a few lines between each point.
  • Now, in the gaps between each supporting point, elaborate the reasons for making that point. This means you need to describe or explain the point you are making in more detail.

Supporting point: Many people are appreciative of the savings that can be made from using public transport as opposed to driving their cars
Elaboration: If you drive less, your car will require less maintenance work, for example tire changes. Less driving time also means you use less gasoline as well, and the savings that can be made often amount to significantly more than public transportation costs.

  • You can choose to end each paragraph with a summary, although this is rarely done as these sentences often sound quite stilted; therefore, they should be used sparingly and with caution.
  • Each of the essay body paragraphs should focus on just one idea in support of your thesis, and should begin with a 'topic sentence' that explains the general idea of the paragraph. To make your arguments more convincing, use examples and give as many details as possible.
  • The organization of the essay body paragraphs in your essay is also quite important. Make sure each one begins with a topic sentence and is supported by two or three specific points you have made.
  • Also, bear in mind that each topic you cover in your essay must have a clear relationship to the statement of your thesis; you do not want to 'wander off' and disrupt your essay's unity.
  • To ensure you maintain the unity of your essay, make sure that each of the supporting details you provide has a clear relation to the paragraph's topic sentence.

Tips on Writing Excellent Body Paragraphs

  1. Both the introduction and the essay body paragraphs should have the same language. For example, the points mentioned in the introduction should be phrased in the same way throughout the text.
  2. Not more than one aspect should be discussed in a single body paragraph. It is a common mistake of the students to try and incorporate too much into a single section.
  3. The phrasing should be absolutely clear and explicit. Your target readers should have no problem with understanding what you want to tell them.
  4. The essay body should contain the paragraphs, which introduce new ideas one by one. The whole paper should be broken into a series of connected aspects presented to support the introduction with its thesis statement.

The paragraphs in the body of an essay should always demonstrate three obligatory elements: development of ideas, unity, and coherence.

  • Paragraph Development

Development of the paragraphs implies that all the required details have been included with the necessary explanations and supportive examples for the topic sentence. What you want is to help your reader get complete understanding of the presented ideas.

  • Paragraph Unity

Unity of the paragraphs implies that each of the sections is devoted to a single idea coordinated with the key point from the topic sentence. Moreover, all the paragraph sentences are related to each other and support the key idea of the whole text.

  • Paragraph Coherence

Coherence of the paragraphs implies that the point is developed logically and in the properly organized manner. Thus, the connection between your ideas is evident.


A good body of an essay cannot exist without smooth transitions between the paragraphs and between the sentences. It makes the paper readable and understandable for the audience as they should see how the points are connected throughout the text. Lack of transitions will ruin a unified paper and make it look as a combination of smaller essays on a similar topic.

Where should you use transitions?

  1. Between the sections to show the connection of the key ideas
  2. Between the paragraphs to demonstrate the division of minor ideas and logical connection throughout the essay
  3. Between the sentences to unite the whole paper through conjunctions and other combining elements
  4. Between parts of sentences to add to the readability
  5. Do not forget to ensure diversity of transitional phrases.
  6. Be consistent and specify the sequential ordering of the ideas.
  7. Use punctuation properly as a colon, a dash, or a semicolon can emphasize a specific relationship between the aspects.

Keep in your mind that transition should demonstrate relationship and connection.

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