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Corruption by the police involves violation of state and federal laws or the violation of people’s constitutional rights by police office. It refers to the misuse of authority by the police for personal gain. It includes acts such as of extortion and bribery. Corruption in the police force is often a system involving many people. It emanates from a top-bottom cycle. It is rarely a one-man job. The temptation to let go off a criminal is huge compared to the instant rewards of corruption. Misconduct by the police affects an entire society. It erodes peoples respect for the law and contributes to more un lawlessness. The police force in 1960s represented an unequal society segregated by race and economic dimensions. Black citizens were the most affected because the police were using unequal and separate approaches to punish their offenders. They were also under represented in the forces. Brutality and abuse of power was rampant and justified along racial lines. Police misconduct is also very costly in monetary and non-monetary costs. These cannot restore the police or peoples dignity in communities suffering from police corruption.
1960s was the era when respect for values begun to erode. Since 1960, justice tended to favor the offender at the victims expense. The police were not exempted and the entire judicial system became tainted with corruption. According to Roger Graef, it is in this period that many people learnt to express distrust towards the police. The revelations on misuse of power by the police changed the public’s perception. The police evidence was taken as non-factual and seemingly fabricated. This was the decade of police corruption and scandals. The most corrosive legacy was the handling of strikes and demonstrations where people were beaten. The police would always deny charges and frame other people. High crime rates are linked often linked to poverty and crime. However, criminologists agree that there is a correlation between general police corruption and lofty crime rates. Corrupt police force undermines all attempts to curbing crime rate (Mcmillan, 1972).
After 1960, the police department went through major reforms. Most departments were modernized and organization systems were envisaged. This was meant to enhance efficiency and accountability and win the lost public trust. The police responded by starting a Community Relations Program that aimed at improving communication between the m and the racial minorities (Walker, Spohn, & Delone, 2011). They also started affirmative action programs that recruited more black people in the forces. Thirdly, they formulated policies for addressing the use of force to minimize racial differences in police shootings. The Warren Court drafted a proposal that expanded citizens process rights and reduced the police powers.
During this time, the civil society movements were gaining momentum. They became more aggressive and militant in addressing the injustices implicated to minority groups by communities. Their agenda was to address against racial discrimination and injustices in the criminal justice system (University of Western Ontario. Faculty of Law, 2011). The white male officers were seen as a symbol of political and social evils in the society. They would respond against protestors with so much brutality increasing tension between the police and minority groups.
The government responded by enacting a crime control law; the Law Enforcement and Assistance Administration. The LEAA was a conduit channeling funds for the reforms. It enabled police officers to return to college. These funds helped in developing several criminal justice programs in universities and colleges across the nation. Increased technological innovations and application of the same has changed the police approaches in record keeping and communication (Lindberg, 1998).
The departed is a 2006 crime thriller movie. The theme of the film is identity and corruption .it shows the effect of identity on one’s emotions, actions, dreams, and self-assurance. It is about two young men who are driven by the forces in their lives: The police institution and a crime group headed by Frank. Costello. Irish Mob assigns Collins Sullivan as an informant in the Massachusetts state police unit. The police also assign an undercover police, William Billy to infiltrate on Costello’s crew. Shortly, both sides realize that the situation is critical and each side attempts to discover the identity of the other before the whole thing blows up.
The police have waged out a war to get rid of the most organized crime ring in the city. The goal is to end the reign of the crime boss frank Costello from inside. Billy Costigan is assigned to infiltrate the mob run by Frank Costello. While young Billy is working to gain Costello’s trust, Colin Sullivan (a cop) is quickly rising in the police force ranks. Colin is one of the handful and elite officers assigned the mission of bringing down Frank Costello. However, his superiors do not know that Colin is also working for Costello. He informs the crime boss of all progress made by the police, keeping him a step ahead of the police.
Each person is consumed by their double life and gathering as much information about the plans and operations of the other. It becomes clear to both gangsters and to the police that there is a rotten apple in the bag. Both Colin and Billy find themselves in constant danger of being caught and exposed to the other party. Hence, they must rush to discover and uncover the identity of the other and save themselves before it is too late.
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